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    Press Releases

    Structure of the cytochrome bd oxidase. The experimental data are shown in gray and the derived molecular model is colored. The excision enlargement shows the area in which the three cytochromes are bound.

    Scientists from the Universities of Würzburg and Freiburg determined the structure of the bacterial enzyme cytochrome bd oxidase. Since humans do not have this type of oxidase, this enzyme could be an target for novel antibiotics.

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    Different Organoid Models

    Scientists at the University of Würzburg have successfully produced human tissues from stem cells. They have a complexity similar to that of normal tissue and are far superior to previous structures.

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    If the eIF2B5 gene is inhibited, the colon cancer cells with an APC mutation do not do well: they die. On the left a schematic representation, in the middle cell cultures, on the right organoids

    In almost all cases of colon cancer, a specific gene is mutated – this offers opportunities to develop broadly effective therapeutic approaches. Research teams in Würzburg have taken this a step further.

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    In temperate latitudes, the circadian clock of the fruit fly follows a clear rhythm. Animals that live near the poles in contrast exhibit a highly arrhythmic behaviour.

    Circadian clocks coordinate the organism to the alternating cycles of day and night. Scientists from the University of Würzburg have studied how these clocks work in polar regions where days or nights can last for weeks.

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    As the loading with curcumin (yellow) increases, the dissolution rate of the containers made of polymeric micelles (blue) decreases.

    Nanocontainer for drugs can have their pitfalls: If they are too heavily loaded, they will only dissolve poorly. Why this happens is now reported by a Würzburg research group in "Angewandte Chemie".

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    A quantum well narrows in the middle to a quantum point contact. Würzburg physicists have produced this device using new methods of nanostructuring.

    Physicists at the University of Würzburg have made a ground-breaking discovery: They have realized a fundamental nanoelectronic device based on the topological insulator HgTe previously discovered in Würzburg.

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    Radar can be used to survey the diversity of species in forests. The picture shows a complex mixed mountain forest.

    With freely available radar data from satellites, biodiversity in forests can be analysed very well. In Nature Communications, researchers report that biodiversity even of tiny insects can be reliably modelled from space.

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    Honorary doctorate for Ekhard Salje (2nd from left). Group photo (from left) Roland Baumhauer, Alfred Forchel, and Lisa Salje.

    The Faculty of Arts of the University of Würzburg awarded an honorary doctorate to Professor Ekhard Salje, the long-standing chair of the university council, in recognition of his scientific achievements and committed work.

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    Energy transport in biomimetic nanotubes (left) and a three-dimensional spectrum (right).

    It is crucial for photovoltaics and other technical applications, how efficiently energy spreads in a small volume. With new methods, the path of energy in the nanometer range can now be followed precisely.

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    A new approach against cancer: Vaccinia viruses (green) fight tumour cells. (Photo: AG Szalay)

    Scientists at the newly established Cancer Therapy Research Centre of the University of Würzburg are working to develop new therapies to fight cancer. Their efforts get financial support from the Hope Realized Medical Foundation.

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    A pantaloon bee with pollen baskets visiting blue weed: multiple bee species contribute to pollination services in agricultural landscapes.

    Around 20 percent of the world's agricultural areas yields less than it did 20 years ago. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization FAO, humans are the culprit: we have not done enough to protect biodiversity.

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    Tuberculosis is a highly contagious infectious disease that is typically spread through aerosols and mainly affects the lungs. Every year, an estimated 1.7 million people worldwide die from such an infection.

    Researchers at the University of Würzburg and the Spanish Cancer Research Centre have gained new insights into the pathogen that causes tuberculosis. The work published in Nature provides the basis for a new approach in antibiotic therapy.

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    Pflanzen schützen sich vor Pilzen und anderen Krankheitserregern (Pathogenen), indem sie ihre Stomata verschließen.

    Using special receptors, plants recognize when they are at risk of fungal infection. This new finding could help cultivate resistant crops and reduce pesticide usage.

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    Spruces killed by bark beetles in the Bavarian Forest National Park

    Removing dead trees from the forests and reforesting on a large scale: this is the German Federal Government's strategy against "Forest Dieback 2.0". Ecologists from the University of Würzburg call for other solutions.

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    Man, sitting under a tree, taking a nap

    External stimuli can rearrange the hierarchy of neuronal networks and influence behaviour. This was demonstrated by scientists from the universities of Würzburg and Brandeis using the circadian clock of the fruit fly as an example.

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