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A buff-tailed bumblebee and a 3D model of the bumblebee brain, based on micro-CT. The blue regions symbolise the primary olfactory centres. The yellow/orange regions process visual information from the compound eyes, the turquoise coloured visual information from the ocelli. Shown in red/orange are the mushroom bodies important for learning. The insects' inner compass, the central complex, is green.

A three-dimensional atlas of the bumblebee brain is now available. It will allow to even better research how nerve cells are interconnected and how they process information.

In the singlet exciton fission process, a singlet exciton (blue) is created upon absorbing light and then splits into two triplets (red) on ultrafast timescales. The team tracked real-time molecular motions acompanying this process in pentacene.

The efficiency of solar cells can be significantly increased with a certain physical effect. A research team has now observed in detail for the first time how molecular movements influence this effect.

SMN is concentrated in the Cajal bodies (left, red) in the nucleus of human cells (blue). If phosphorylation of SMN is inhibited, the concentration ceases and Cajal bodies disappear.

Some proteins concentrate in certain places in the cell nucleus. A new study with Würzburg participation now shows how this happens. The results could contribute to a better understanding of a rare disease.

Philipp Sodmann (left) and Matthias Griebel developed a deep learning model that can evaluate microscopic images.

Microscopic images of tissue sections can now be analyzed much more easily – with an innovative digital tool. Two researchers from Würzburg have received three prizes for this.

Beta1- and beta2-adrenergic receptors in heart muscle cells: In the left cell, beta1 receptors are labeled – they are found both on the cell surface (yellow) and in the T-tubules (green). In the right cell, the beta2-receptors are labeled – they appear only in the T-tubules (green), but not on the cell surface (which is therefore not visible in the image).

Research teams from Würzburg, Munich, Erlangen and the MDC in Berlin have identified, for the first time, where special receptors are located on heart muscle cells. Their findings open up new perspectives for developing therapies for chronic heart failure.

The image shows a "topolectric circuit" used to realize the topological states studied here

Through a recently developed experimental platform, topological matter can be realized in a fast, cost efficient, and versatile way. Würzburg physicist have now achieved with it a breakthrough that might enable optronic technologies in the long run.