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Research

Forschungsgruppen

Research Units

Natural forests form a diverse mosaic, with variability in environmental conditions and species composition determining the functions of this ecosystem. The recently observed consistent loss of this diversity indicates increasingly homogeneous communities in patches of landscapes, caused by an intensification of land use. To assess the impact of this homogenization and to develop guidelines to reverse its potentially adverse effects, FOR 5375 combines expertise in forest science, ecology, remote sensing, chemical ecology and statistics. Specifically, the scientists involved are aiming to investigate whether improving the structural complexity can in turn improve the biodiversity and multifunctionality of production forests.

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Jörg Müller (Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology)

Duration: since 2022

Further information can be found here.

Creating and promoting lasting knowledge is a major goal of education. Educational institutions (e.g. schools and universities) are expected to enable learners to acquire knowledge that is preserved for a long time and which can be use flexibly whenever needed. Research so far, however, has mainly focussed on the acquisition of knowledge over a relatively short time scale. The overarching goal of FOR 5254 is therefore to contribute to the development of a theoretical framework of lasting learning in real-world learning settings.

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Tobias Richter (Department of Psychology IV)

Duration: since 2022

Further information can be found here.

Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are able to produce collimated and strongly relativistic outflows. These so-called AGN jets are central objects in modern astroparticle physics and the question of their formation is closely linked to fundamental physical questions. Nevertheless, fundamental questions of AGN jet physics are currently unresolved. The research unit FOR 5195 therefore aims to find answers to these questions in the light of groundbreaking new observations made with the most modern large-scale astronomical equipment.

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Matthias Kadler (Institute for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics)

Duration: since 2021

Further information can be found here.

The majority of the world's population is infected with the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). Its clinical relevance and socioeconomic implications are significantly underestimated. This can lead to life-threatening infections in immunocompromised people. All findings indicate that HCMV-related health consequences are far more comprehensive than assumed. The overarching goal of FOR 2830 is therefore to close the major knowledge gaps about the antigenic properties of viral gene products and their role in the interaction with the immune system.

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Lars Dölken (Institute of Virology and Immunobiology)

Duration: since 2019

Further information can be found here.

The nucleus of statehood lies at the local level, in the village, in the district, in the neighborhood. Here, a community beyond the family first develops collective rules intended to ensure its continued existence. In most cases, however, not only this control level is available. Supra-local power formations – from regional alliances to empires – stand above them, which complement or compete with the offers of local order. According to the premise of this research unit, local self-regulation is particularly diverse and pronounced when supra-local statehood exists in the mode of weak penetration. How local self-regulation works in this context is the central research question of FOR 2757.

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Rene Pfeilschifter (Institut für Geschichte)

Duration: 2019-2022

Further information can be found here.

Clinical Research Units

Resolution and recovery from neuropathic pain are active processes that depend on factors such as resolution of inflammation and restoration of neuronal circuitry in the nervous system. However, the pain can also subside without complete anatomical and physiological recovery from a nerve lesion. If this self-healing process is disturbed, chronic pain can occur. The aim of KFO 5001 is to investigate molecular processes in peripheral nociceptors and mechanisms of pain regression and their regulation by the CNS in order to create the prerequisite for efficient treatment methods.

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Claudia Sommer (University Hospital)

Duration: since 2020

Further information can be found here.