A miniature from Lorenz Fries' Episcopal Chronicle shows Großer Löwenhof, the first building to house the University.
A miniature from Lorenz Fries' Episcopal Chronicle shows Großer Löwenhof, the first building to house the University.

A Tradition with Perspectives

After a first foundation in 1402 - the fourth foundation of a university in the area of what is Germany today and the first foundation of a university in Bavaria - Julius-Maximilians-Universität (JMU) Würzburg was permanently endowed and established in 1582 on the initiative of Prince-Bishop Julius Echter von Mespelbrunn. It is to him that the "Julius" in today's name JMU traces back to. It wasn't until Würzburg fell to Bavaria that the name "Maximilian" was added - it refers to Elector Maximilian I. Joseph who became the first King of Bavaria in 1806. 

Röntgen and other famous scientists

Today, more than four hundred years later, the University can look back on a history full of successes. Famous scholars and scientists, such as Rudolf Virchow, Carl Siebold, and Franz Brentano researched and taught at Würzburg's University.

Fourteen Nobel Laureates – among them physicists Wilhelm C. Röntgen and Klaus von Klitzing, as well as chemist Hartmut Michel and physician Harald zur Hausen - worked here at some stage of their careers.

Extension since the 1960s

Almost completely obliterated during the bombing raid on Würzburg in 1945, the institution quickly recovered. After reconstruction, substantial extension measures were initiated in the 1960s on the Hubland Campus.

Extension continues to this day: In 2011, the JMU expanded to include the newly set-up Campus Nord, a 39-hectare area in the immediate vicinity of Hubland Campus.