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    Psychologiegebäude am Röntgenring

    When compared to their European colleagues, they distinguish themselves through their outstanding research and international focus. This is why the psychologists of the University of Würzburg have been placed in the “Excellence Group” alongside nine other German universities in a current “CHE Ranking”.

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    Eine Nanokapsel, made in Würzburg: Tausende von gleichartigen Molekülen (amphiphile Perylenbisimide) drängen sich in wässriger Umgebung zu einer Kapsel zusammen, die mit Bispyren-Molekülen gefüllt ist. Bild: Organische Chemie, Uni Würzburg

    Imitating photosynthesis in plants? If we were to accomplish this, mankind would have a little less to worry about. Chemists from the University of Würzburg have now made progress on the road to achieving artificial photosynthesis.

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    Lebendes Gewebe aus der Gehirnrinde von Mäusen: Nervenzellen sind grün, ihre Zellkerne blau dargestellt. Gibt man T-Zellen dazu, die auf die Zerstörung myelinbildender Zellen spezialisiert sind, sterben innerhalb von sechs Stunden auch Nervenzellen in

    In multiple sclerosis, the immune system also damages the nerve cells with its misguided activities. This is what regularly happens in the targeted immunological attack on the myelin sheaths of the nerve cells, as shown experimentally for the first time by researchers from Würzburg and Zürich.

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    Die Forschergruppe Immuntherapie (v. l.): Katharina Merker, Matthias Wölfl, Paul G. Schlegel. (Foto Uni-Kinderklinik)

    Scientists at the University Children’s Hospital are developing new therapies for a brain tumor that is difficult to treat. They are part of a Bavarian research network aimed at fighting diseases, such as cancer, AIDS or rheumatism, with the help of the immune system.

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    UWE-2 ist erfolgreich im Weltraum

    Initially, the satellite was scheduled to start its journey into orbit as early as in the fall of 2008. But the launch was postponed several times. Finally, everything went smoothly: Punctually at 8.16 on Wednesday, September 23, the Würzburg miniature satellite UWE-2 took off from Sriharikota Spaceport in India.

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    Spielfiguren in verschiedenen Farben als Sinnbild für Multikulturalität: Wo viele Kulturen miteinander leben, kommt es auch zu strafrechtlich relevanten Konflikten. Mit diesem Thema befasst sich der Jurist Brian Valerius von der Universität Würzburg.

    Controversies over cartoons, circumcisions or killings in the name of “honor”: There is an increasing tendency in multiculturalism to cause conflicts. How should criminal law deal with these issues? This question is being researched by Brian Valerius, legal scholar at the University of Würzburg.

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    Nervenzellen leuchten unter dem Fluoreszenz-Mikroskop rot, wenn man sie wie hier mit einem Farbstoff markiert. So können Transportvorgänge in Nervenzellen verfolgt werden. Bild: Vladimir Ermolayev

    Intracerebral prion infection led to axonal transport impairments in 45 per cent of neurons in the red nucleus and up to 94 per cent of motor cortex neurons, according to a study by researchers of the University of Würzburg, published in PLoS Pathogens.

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    Carsten Deibel und Vladimir Dyakonov

    It is a well-known fact that organic solar cells can convert light into electricity. What has been puzzling scientists – at least from a physicist’s point of view – is how exactly this is done. Researchers at the University of Würzburg have now succeeded in clarifying the process. A report on their work has been published in the scientific journal “Physical Review Letter”.

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    Ein Sternenhimmel. Fotos von Sternbildern helfen Satelliten dabei, ihre Lage im Raum zu regeln. Foto: NASA

    Small satellites are an exciting option for space projects because their launch costs are low. Before using them for Earth observation or other tasks, however, there are still technical challenges to be met. This is what scientists of the University of Würzburg are currently concerned with.

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    Calcium ist beteiligt, wenn das Herz schlägt und wenn es wächst. Welche Prozesse genau dafür verantwortlich sind, haben Wissenschaftler untersucht. Mit dabei der Würzburger Mediziner Oliver Ritter. (Foto Gunnar Bartsch)

    Calcium controls the beating of the heart and is a trigger for heart growth. But how does the heart know when to beat at a faster rate and when to start growing? Researchers have now found an answer to this question. Oliver Ritter, medical scientist at the University of Würzburg, was also involved in the studies.

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    Zwei türkische Mädchen und ein türkischer Junge vor ihrer Schule. Foto: Dieter Schütz / Pixelio.de

    Turkish girls obediently do what their parents tell them to do. And they are eagerly awaiting to play their role as stay-at-home moms – in Germany, stereotypes like these about young Turkish women are quite common. But now, they have been disproved by a study of the University of Würzburg.

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    Querschnitte durch das Rückenmark zeigen von links oben nach rechts unten zunehmende Mengen an Entzündungszellen bei Versuchstieren mit intakten Myelinscheiden und einem funktionierenden Immunsystem, bei einem genetischen Defekt und bei zweien. (Foto AG

    There are still gaps in our knowledge about the origin and course of complex diseases like multiple sclerosis. Now, researchers of the University of Würzburg have studied the interaction between two important factors – with a clear result.

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    Schema: Mit dieser H-förmigen Struktur haben Physiker der Universität Würzburg nachgewiesen, dass ihr neuartiges Halbleitermaterial elektrischen Strom leitet und dabei nicht warm wird. Grafik: Mathias Mühlbauer

    Computers with no need of cooling? They haven’t come into existence yet. However, physicists of the University of Würzburg are paving the way for them: In the American scientific journal “Science”, the researchers now present a semiconductor that transmits electric current without heating up in the process.

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    In entzündeten Gehirnregionen von Patienten mit Multipler Sklerose kommen zerstörerisch wirkende T-Zellen vor (rot), aber auch solche mit Schutzfunktion (grün). Das haben Forscher von der Universität Würzburg nachgewiesen. In Grün sichtbar gemacht i

    The inflammatory process in the brain of multiple sclerosis patients is triggered by their own immune system. However, there is one type of immune cells that seems to fight against the destructive progress – and might be used for therapeutic purposes in future.

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    Schematische Darstellung eines Festkörpers aus zwei Oxid-Materialien, an deren Grenzschicht sich ein Elektronengas gebildet hat (grüner Bereich). Physiker der Universität Würzburg haben die Ausdehnung und die Dichte des Elektronengases erstmals präzi

    X-rays can be used to image hidden structures such as bones of the human body. But now, a team of Würzburg physicists has succeeded in demonstrating the electronic structure of an interface in a solid for the first time.

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