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    T-Lymphozyten sind Zellen des Immunsystems, die Krebszellen zerstören können. Ihre Aktivität spiegelt sich in der Grafik wider, die im rechten Teil den vermehrten Tod der Tumorzellen anzeigt. (Bild Matthias Wölfl)

    Some T cells of the immune system are natural enemies of cancer cells. How they are prepared for their deployment in the organism appears to be very decisive in determining their effectiveness in cancer treatment.

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    Trägt man eine einzige Moleküllage organischer Moleküle auf ein metallisches Trägermaterial auf, erhöht sich die Leitfähigkeit des organischen Materials deutlich – haben Physiker der Uni Würzburg jetzt entdeckt. (Grafik Peter Puschnig, Michael Wi

    Organic materials are comparatively poor conductors of electricity. Under certain conditions, however, this can change significantly. University of Würzburg physicists have now experimentally determined how exactly such a change in conductivity works in a two-dimensional layer.

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    How Bees Smell

    02/06/2013
    Das Geruchssystem der Honigbiene. In grün und lila markiert sind die beiden olfaktorischen Bahnen, die vom Antennenlobus in höhere Strukturen führen. Über sie verarbeitet die Biene Geruchsinformationen parallel. (Grafik Martin Brill und Wolfgang Röß

    Odors play a major role in the life of honeybees. Accordingly, their nervous system needs to be highly capable of processing olfactory information. Indeed, the animals have the ability to process the relevant data in parallel as researchers of the Biocenter have been able to demonstrate for the first time.

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    Ein mehrschichtiges Implantat: So könnte der Knorpelersatz aussehen, den die Wissenschaftler des Forschungsverbunds HydroZONES entwickeln wollen.  (Grafik HydroZONES)

    Healing cartilage defects: This is the objective of a new international research network. Implants that are structured like natural tissue are to provide durable repair of defects in the joint. The project, which is coordinated at the University of Würzburg, is funded by the EU with almost ten million euros.

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    Destructive Embrace

    01/17/2013
    Damit das Spleißosom arbeiten kann, muss zuvor in der dargestellten ringförmigen Funktionseinheit das Assembly-Chaperon (grau) entfernt werden. Diese Aufgabe übernimmt der SMN-complex (lila und braun).  (Grafik: Clemens Grimm)

    Proteins that embrace their partners and induce a breaking point through thermal motion: In the course of evolution, cells have developed a lot of tricks in order to do their tasks successfully. University of Würzburg researchers have now clarified amazing details of such a process.

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    Mycobacterium-tuberculosis-Bakterien in einer gefärbten elektronenmikroskopischen Aufnahme. Quelle: Public Health Image Library / Janice Haney Carr

    About two million people worldwide die of tuberculosis each year. There is an urgent need for new drugs and they will probably get easier to find in future – thanks to the new model MycPermCheck, which was developed at the University of Würzburg.

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    Better than Diamond

    01/02/2013
    Eine Kombination aus Licht- und Radiowellen kann benutzt werden, um Information in Silizium-Fehlstellen zu speichern und auszulesen. Grafik: Georgy Astakhov

    University of Würzburg physicists have modified silicon carbide crystals in a way that these exhibit new and surprising properties. This makes them interesting with regard to the design of high-performance computers or data transmission.

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    Histologische Färbung von NFATc1 (rot) und der Zellkerne (grün) von Fibroblasten-Zellen, die in einer Petrischale gehalten werden. Die Zugabe von Interleukin-7 bewirkt den Kerntransport von NFATc1. Dies ist aus der Gelbfärbung des Zellkerns zu sehen, d

    Immune cells undergo complex processes during their development. If errors occur, the consequences for those who are affected can be fatal. Scientists from the University of Würzburg have now uncovered new details of what happens. These could be a target for new therapies.

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    Tessa Lühmann und Joel Wurzel arbeiten an einer neuen Technik, die Stabilität von Proteinen zu messen. (Foto: Gunnar Bartsch)

    When proteins change their fold, this can lead to fatal consequences. Scientists of a European research network are looking for new methods to predict and control the behavior of these molecules. Pharmacologists of the University of Würzburg take part in the project.

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    University of Würzburg physicist Laurens Molenkamp has received the "Physics Frontiers Prize 2013", which is valued at altogether 300,000 US dollars. As a consequence, he is automatically nominated for the "Fundamental Physics Prize" – currently the most lucrative academic prize in the world.

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    Die Doppelbindung zwischen zwei Bor-Atomen (grün) wird durch den Einfluss von Platin (orange) gestärkt: Vereinfacht dargestellte Struktur des Platin-Diborenyl-Komplexes. Bild: Alexander Damme

    Professor Holger Braunschweig and his team come up with stunning new discoveries in chemistry with great regularity. This time, the Würzburg researchers turn an established model describing catalytic processes on its head.

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    Blattlaus auf einem Blatt. Foto: Jochen Krauss

    To do the right thing in the right place at the right time: How animals accomplish this to ensure their survival is being studied at the University of Würzburg – at a new Collaborative Research Center funded by the German Research Foundation with about seven million euros.

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    Nach einem Schlaganfall lassen sich regulatorische T-Zellen (grün) vor allem in den Gehirngefäßen (rot) nachweisen, wo sie mit der Gefäßwand in Wechselwirkung treten und das Gefäß verstopfen (obere Bildreihe). Entsprechend ist die Hirndurchblutung

    In case of strokes, the immune system contributes to the brain injury. In the prestigious journal BLOOD, scientists of the Universities of Würzburg and Münster show for the first time in which way certain T helper cells are involved in the process.

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    Too Good to be True

    11/08/2012
    Ein „Säuberungsaktion“, die die Wissenschafts-Community erschüttert: So schreibt Nature über den Skandal.

    A Japanese scientist is believed to have fabricated up to 200 studies. Würzburg anesthesiologists have long been suspicious of him, having voiced concern about conspicuous data as early as twelve years ago. But their warnings fell on deaf ears. Now the issue has grown into a much bigger scandal.

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    Mehrere Kleinsatelliten im Orbit über der Erde. Bild: Institut für Informatik, Uni Würzburg

    Once again a top award has been given to a researcher of the University of Würzburg: Computer scientist Klaus Schilling wins a Euro 2.5 million research grant to study innovative technologies for picosatellites that work together. The grant is awarded by the European Research Council.

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