piwik-script

Deutsch Intern
    University Archive

    Scholar of the Month - Alfonso Corti

    * 22.06.1822 in Gambarana       † 02.10.1876 in Corvina San Quirico

    1841 Study of medicine in Pavia
    1845 Employment as an assistant for Hyrtl in Vienna
    1847 Conferral of a doctorate
    1848 Transition to work for Valentin in Bern
    1850 Transition to work for Kölliker in Würzburg (interrupted through an abidance in Utrecht)
    1851 Left Würzburg to stay in Paris and Turin
    1852 Death of his father, release of his last scientific publication
    1855 Marriage and removal to Mazzolino

    The forgotten Scientist

    When searching for an eminent scholar at the Julius-Maximilians-University, the researcher will primarily find the names of famous and internationally known scientists like Kircher, Fischer or Röntgen. For that reason, great personalities can easily be overseen, even though they are equally relevant to their scientific field, but simply made the decision not to stick with their scientific career, but to move on with their lives. This is also the case for Alfonso Corti. The italian scientist can be credited for the groundwork of most of our modern knowledge about the inner ear of mammals, including humans.

    Pioneer of the inner ear

    One of Corti’s first discoveries was the lamina spiralis membranacea (a thin bony shelf inside the inner ear) and the ganglion in the centre of the spiral. It should be especially highlighted, that he made precise descriptions about his findings, even though his technical instruments were only simplistic and primitive. Moreover does the organon spirale (“Organ of Corti”), which was discovered by the italian scientist in 1859, still carry his name until today. It also enabled him to find transferring points between mechanical stimuli (sound waves) and nerve signals, even though he could not make more specific allegations about the latter.

    Highlights in Würzburg

    During his time in Würzburg, Corti had friendly relations to well-known scholars like Kölliker and Virchow. It was also thanks to Kölliker, that the “Organ of Corti” was named after his discoverer, as he suggested using this term.    
    All in all, his abidance in Würzburg can be seen as the highlight of Corti’s scientific career of just 7 years. The death of his father in 1852, as well as his marriage with a rich italian woman made him shift his interest from medical science to administrational tasks.

    Recommended Readings:

    Kley, Walter: Alfonso Corti (1822-1876) – Discoverer oft he Sensory End Organ of Hearing in Würzburg, in: Journal for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and its Related Specialities, Bd. 48 (1986), S. 61-67.
    Wyklicky, Helmut/Schmidt, Gabriela: Über Alfonso Corti (1822-1876), einige seiner Biographen und seine Beziehung zu Wien, in: Laryngo-, Rhino-, Otologie, Bd. 70-03 (1991), S. 161-163.

    Data privacy protection

    By clicking 'OK' you are leaving the web sites of the Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg and will be redirected to Facebook. For information on the collection and processing of data by Facebook, refer to the social network's data privacy statement.

    Data privacy protection

    By clicking 'OK' you are leaving the web sites of the Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg and will be redirected to Twitter. For information on the collection and processing of data by Facebook, refer to the social network's data privacy statement.

    Contact

    University Archive
    Oswald-Külpe Weg 74
    Campus Hubland Nord
    97074 Würzburg

    Phone: +49 931 31-86032
    Email

    Find Contact

    Hubland Nord, Geb. 74